Topic 1: Introduction to Entrepreneurship
This unit presents the ideas, theories and examples of entrepreneurship. The learning unit is introductory as it focus on explaining key concepts and providing examples, such as entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, social entrepreneurship and corporate social entrepreneurship. The unit also focuses on the context for entrepreneurship to happen and flourish, including key aspects such as innovation, corporate identity, purpose, perception, rules, routines and the use of the external environment. Specific unit content: Concepts of entrepreneurship Examples of entrepreneurship The entrepreneur and the components of the entrepreneurial mindset
Topic 2: Introduction to Corporate Social Entrepreneurship
This learning unit introduces the concept of Corporate Social Entrepreneurship (CSE), related theories and ideas. The unit also presents key aspects for individuals implementing CSE to consider and succeed, e.g. corporate identity, need for change, the importance of purpose and perception, rules and routines, networks and stakeholders, use of local circumstances. Based on a real-world approach, the key CSE dimensions and relevant case studies are depicted, which will provide students with the tools to implement CSE.
Topic 3: Innovation and Entrepreneurship
This learning unit introduces potential entrepreneurs and learners on the subject to the world of business innovation. In a demystifying approach, the technological and non-technological aspects of innovation are explained, as well as the different levels by which business innovation can occur. This unit presents different ways by which individuals can be responsive in their own environment by exploring opportunities, adapting and creating innovative solutions for changing environments. Specific unit content: Business innovation concept The four different types of business innovation The three different levels of business innovation Incremental vs. Radical innovation
Topic 4: Introduction to strategic planning
This learning unit aims at presenting down-to-earth methods for entrepreneurs to assess their resources and identify the best solutions to explore opportunities, adapt to them and create innovative solutions for their organisations. The unit explores tools that allow ideas to be developed and converted into value for the organisation and its employees. This unit invites the student to visit different perspectives by which strategy can be formulated and implemented. Specific unit content: Explaining strategy and strategic planning Key elements of strategic planning Generic strategies model Strategic stages
Topic 5: Introduction to social innovation
This learning unit introduces and discusses key concepts to understand social innovation. This learning unit also explores (i) how sustainability can be considered in business operation and culminate with social innovation; and (ii) the connection between social challenges and business innovation. Specific unit content: The issues for sustainability Social innovation concepts Business models for sustainability
Introduction to Corporate Social Entrepreneurship

Corporate Social Entrepreneurship (CSE) differs from Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as the former comprises of a broader process, or organisational journey, by which the latter is part. Moreover, CSE is not just another form of CSR, but rather a process to strengthen and promote its development. CSE aims to provide an approach that will accelerate the CSR journey.

The following figure represents the journey of an organisation from CSR to CSE.

(EMBRACE project, 2021)

Stage 1 CSR

CSR occurs when companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis. It opens a way of managing change and of reconciling social development with improved competitiveness” (European Commission, 2001: 7).

Main components of CSR:

In this stage, the organisation’s strategy reflects core Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) responsibilities (economic , legal, ethical, philanthropic) in short term activities.

Stage 2 CSR+

Main components of CSR+:


When at this stage, the organisation’s strategy reflects the core CSR responsibilities now aligned with the business through the implementation  of a range of significantly longer term environmental and/or community based activities.

Stage 3 CSE

Main components of CSE:

In the last stage of the CSE journey, the organisation’s mission (goals and values) and strategy reflects the CSE responsibilities (social, economic and environmental) in transversal way and long term activities, involving different stakeholders. Through CSE the organisation creates social, environmental and economic values, ensuring self-sufficiency and sustainability for the organisation itself but also for the communities it supports.

CSE promotes creation of shared value. This shared value is aligned with the triple bottom perspective, which refers to the total value equation that should be considered by organisations and which comprises notonly the financial or economic value, but also the environmental and social dimensions oforganisational performance (Elkington, 2008).

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