Topic 1: Introduction to Entrepreneurship
This unit presents the ideas, theories and examples of entrepreneurship. The learning unit is introductory as it focus on explaining key concepts and providing examples, such as entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, social entrepreneurship and corporate social entrepreneurship. The unit also focuses on the context for entrepreneurship to happen and flourish, including key aspects such as innovation, corporate identity, purpose, perception, rules, routines and the use of the external environment. Specific unit content: Concepts of entrepreneurship Examples of entrepreneurship The entrepreneur and the components of the entrepreneurial mindset
Topic 2: Introduction to Corporate Social Entrepreneurship
This learning unit introduces the concept of Corporate Social Entrepreneurship (CSE), related theories and ideas. The unit also presents key aspects for individuals implementing CSE to consider and succeed, e.g. corporate identity, need for change, the importance of purpose and perception, rules and routines, networks and stakeholders, use of local circumstances. Based on a real-world approach, the key CSE dimensions and relevant case studies are depicted, which will provide students with the tools to implement CSE.
Topic 3: Innovation and Entrepreneurship
This learning unit introduces potential entrepreneurs and learners on the subject to the world of business innovation. In a demystifying approach, the technological and non-technological aspects of innovation are explained, as well as the different levels by which business innovation can occur. This unit presents different ways by which individuals can be responsive in their own environment by exploring opportunities, adapting and creating innovative solutions for changing environments. Specific unit content: Business innovation concept The four different types of business innovation The three different levels of business innovation Incremental vs. Radical innovation
Topic 4: Introduction to strategic planning
This learning unit aims at presenting down-to-earth methods for entrepreneurs to assess their resources and identify the best solutions to explore opportunities, adapt to them and create innovative solutions for their organisations. The unit explores tools that allow ideas to be developed and converted into value for the organisation and its employees. This unit invites the student to visit different perspectives by which strategy can be formulated and implemented. Specific unit content: Explaining strategy and strategic planning Key elements of strategic planning Generic strategies model Strategic stages
Topic 5: Introduction to social innovation
This learning unit introduces and discusses key concepts to understand social innovation. This learning unit also explores (i) how sustainability can be considered in business operation and culminate with social innovation; and (ii) the connection between social challenges and business innovation. Specific unit content: The issues for sustainability Social innovation concepts Business models for sustainability
Introduction to Corporate Social Entrepreneurship

Social innovation can take business to another level because there are instances in which regional and national development happen only if barriers of lasting growth are removed and that can enable change of social practices and, at the same time, conditions for the business to thrive.  Barriers to lasting growth (e.g. climate change and ageing populations) can only be overcome with the help of social innovation, and partly because of rising demands for economic growth that enhance (rather than damage) human relationships and well being. Thus, business that are involved in this process of social practice change commonly benefit from the rising demand for human relationships and well being.


Change of social practices is necessary but not sufficient for social innovation. For social innovation, there must be a significant dissemination of such changes of social practices, by which: (i) impact must be scaled; (ii) ocial innovation spreads in society; and (iii) social innovation creates social value (Höll, 2022).


In that sense, two definitions of social innovation can be considered:


1) A social innovation is an intended and accepted reconfiguration of social practices in specific fields of action with the aim to solve a problem or to satisfy a need in a better way (iVersity, 2022).
2) Social innovations are new ideas that meet social needs, create social relationships and form new collaborations. These innovations can be products, services or models addressing unmet needs more effectively (EC, 2022).

To illustrate, some examples of social innovation are as follows (based on iVersity, 2022; and Mulgan, Tucker, Ali, Sanders, 2007).



This site is registered on as a development site. Switch to a production site key to remove this banner.